A Strong Surge of Nationalistic Populism!
⚠ The year 2016 was characterised by three main developments that affected areas of concern to ECRI: efforts to integrate the large number of migrants who arrived in several countries during the migration crisis of the preceding years; a strong surge of nationalistic populism, often generating and fuelling xenophobic discourse and creating an atmosphere in which hate speech, and ultimately violence, were able to thrive; and the response of several member states to the continuation of Islamist terror attacks that affected Europe over the course of the year.
⚠ An increasing dichotomy between “us” and “them” has developed in the public discourse of many countries, which seeks to exclude people on the basis of their skin colour, religion, language or ethnicity.
⚠ According to General Policy Recommendation No. 7, racism is the belief that a ground such as “race”, colour, language, religion, nationality or national or ethnic origin justifies contempt for a person or a group of persons, or the notion of superiority of a person or a group of persons. Racial discrimination is any differential treatment based on a ground such as “race”, colour, language, religion, nationality or national or ethnic origin, which has no objective and reasonable justification.
⚠ Anti-Muslim arguments are no longer confined to the fringes of society and are now also embraced by some mainstream politicians resulting in growing xenophobic populist discourse.
⚠ Antisemitism propagated by a diverse range of groups has persisted in many member states. Islamist extremists as well as neo-Nazi organisations and some far-right nationalists continued to spread antisemitic hatred and threats