Transparency of Party Funding : Unsatisfactorily!
♨ ⚖ Turkey had made only moderate progress by implementing two of the thirteen recommendations found to be not or partly implemented in the Second Compliance Report
♨ ⚖ to ensure that annual accounts of political parties include a) income received and expenditure incurred individually by elected representatives and candidates of political parties for political activities linked to their party, including electoral campaigning, and b) as appropriate, the accounts of entities related, to political parties or otherwise under their control
♨ ⚖ to take appropriate measures to ensure that annual accounts of political parties provide more detailed and comprehensive information on income and expenditure,
♨ ⚖ to ensure that annual accounts of political parties and monitoring reports of the supervisory body are made easily accessible to the public, within timeframes to be specified by law
♨ ⚖ to regulate transparency in the financing of parliamentary, presidential and local election campaigns of political parties and candidates and, specifically, to find ways of increasing the transparency of contributions by third parties
♨ ⚖ to introduce effective, proportionate and dissuasive sanctions for infringements of yet-to-be established regulations concerning election campaign funding of political parties and candidates
♨ ⚖ GRECO invites the authorities of Turkey to authorise, as soon as possible, the publication of the report, to translate it into the national language and to make this translation public.
The Council of Europe’s anti-corruption group [GRECO]today published an interim compliance report [Full Report]on Turkey. The report examines the compliance of the member state with 17 recommendations adopted in March 2010. These recommendations cover “incrimination” and “transparency of political funding”.
Since the adoption of these recommendations, GRECO examined several times the evolution with regard to their implementation, and, also taking into account information provided by the Turkish authorities, published several reports on its findings.
These reports categorised as “implemented satisfactorily” six out of eight recommendations on “incrimination”, the other two remaining “partly implemented”. With regard to “transparency of party funding”, GRECO concluded that none of the nine recommendations has been implemented satisfactorily. The conclusion in this latest interim report is that Turkey has not made any new tangible progress in the implementation of the recommendations. Whilst underlining that it is not indifferent to the difficult times that Turkey is going through and that it appreciates its renewed commitment to implementing these recommendations, GRECO stresses that it is clearly disappointing that the level of compliance at this stage remains “globally unsatisfactory”.
The Turkish authorities are once again urged to enhance their efforts to carry out the reforms initiated, paying particular attention to the effectiveness of measures planned.
According to its Rules of Procedure, GRECO requested Turkey to provide a report by 30 September 2017, on action taken to implement the pending recommendations. It also invited the Secretary General of the Council of Europe to send to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey a letter drawing attention to the situation and to the need to take determined action to achieve tangible progress as soon as possible.
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The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) is a Council of Europe body that aims to improve the capacity of its members to fight corruption by monitoring their compliance with anti-corruption standards. It helps states to identify deficiencies in national anti-corruption policies, prompting the necessary legislative, institutional and practical reforms. Currently it comprises the 47 Council of Europe member states, Belarus and the United States of America.