Déclaration de Rome : Un compromis pour sauver l’unité?!

Dans une déclaration solennelle aujourd’hui à Rome, pour le 60e anniversaire du traité fondateur de l’UE, les 27 vont proclamer leur unité et « avenir commun » face au Brexit.

The leaders of the 27 states that will make up the European Union after Britain’s departure have gathered in Rome to reaffirm their support for the bloc.

EU national leaders and the leaders of the EU Institutions today adopted a declaration with a bold vision for the future of the Union, at their Summit in Rome to celebrate 60 years since the signature of the original Rome Treaties.

The Declaration underlined four major priority areas for future EU development:
a safe and secure Europe; a prosperous and sustainable Europe; a social Europe; and a stronger Europe on the global scene.

On this, the Declaration calls for: a Union further developing existing partnerships, building new ones and promoting stability and prosperity in its immediate neighbourhood to the east and south, but also in the Middle East and across Africa and globally; a Union ready to take more responsibilities and to assist in creating a more competitive and integrated defence industry; a Union committed to strengthening its common security and defence, also in cooperation and complementarity with the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, taking into account national circumstances and legal commitments; a Union engaged in the United Nations and standing for a rules-based multilateral system, proud of its values and protective of its people, promoting free and fair trade and a positive global climate policy.

© photocredit

Déclaration des dirigeants de 27 États membres ainsi que du Conseil européen, du Parlement européen et de la Commission européenne
[Version française]

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Declaration of the leaders of 27 member states and of the European Council, the European Parliament and the European Commission

We, the Leaders of 27 Member States and of EU institutions, take pride in the achievements of the European Union: the construction of European unity is a bold, far-sighted endeavour. Sixty years ago, recovering from the tragedy of two world wars, we decided to bond together and rebuild our continent from its ashes. We have built a unique Union with common institutions and strong values, a community of peace, freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law, a major economic power with unparalleled levels of social protection and welfare.

European unity started as the dream of a few, it became the hope of the many. Then Europe became one again. Today, we are united and stronger: hundreds of millions of people across Europe benefit from living in an enlarged Union that has overcome the old divides.

The European Union is facing unprecedented challenges, both global and domestic: regional conflicts, terrorism, growing migratory pressures, protectionism and social and economic inequalities. Together, we are determined to address the challenges of a rapidly changing world and to offer to our citizens both security and new opportunities.

We will make the European Union stronger and more resilient, through even greater unity and solidarity amongst us and the respect of common rules. Unity is both a necessity and our free choice. Taken individually, we would be side-lined by global dynamics. Standing together is our best chance to influence them, and to defend our common interests and values. We will act together, at different paces and intensity where necessary, while moving in the same direction, as we have done in the past, in line with the Treaties and keeping the door open to those who want to join later. Our Union is undivided and indivisible.

In the ten years to come we want a Union that is safe and secure, prosperous, competitive, sustainable and socially responsible, and with the will and capacity of playing a key role in the world and of shaping globalisation. We want a Union where citizens have new opportunities for cultural and social development and economic growth. We want a Union which remains open to those European countries that respect our values and are committed to promoting them.

In these times of change, and aware of the concerns of our citizens, we commit to the Rome Agenda, and pledge to work towards:

1. A safe and secure Europe: a Union where all citizens feel safe and can move freely, where our external borders are secured, with an efficient, responsible and sustainable migration policy, respecting international norms; a Europe determined to fight terrorism and organised crime.

2. A prosperous and sustainable Europe: a Union which creates growth and jobs; a Union where a strong, connected and developing Single Market, embracing technological transformation, and a stable and further strengthened single currency open avenues for growth, cohesion, competitiveness, innovation and exchange, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises; a Union promoting sustained and sustainable growth, through investment, structural reforms and working towards completing the Economic and Monetary Union; a Union where economies converge; a Union where energy is secure and affordable and the environment clean and safe.

3. A social Europe: a Union which, based on sustainable growth, promotes economic and social progress as well as cohesion and convergence, while upholding the integrity of the internal market; a Union taking into account the diversity of national systems and the key role of social partners; a Union which promotes equality between women and men as well as rights and equal opportunities for all; a Union which fights unemployment, discrimination, social exclusion and poverty; a Union where young people receive the best education and training and can study and find jobs across the continent; a Union which preserves our cultural heritage and promotes cultural diversity.

4. A stronger Europe on the global scene: a Union further developing existing partnerships, building new ones and promoting stability and prosperity in its immediate neighbourhood to the east and south, but also in the Middle East and across Africa and globally; a Union ready to take more responsibilities and to assist in creating a more competitive and integrated defence industry; a Union committed to strengthening its common security and defence, also in cooperation and complementarity with the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, taking into account national circumstances and legal commitments; a Union engaged in the United Nations and standing for a rules-based multilateral system, proud of its values and protective of its people, promoting free and fair trade and a positive global climate policy.

We will pursue these objectives, firm in the belief that Europe’s future lies in our own hands and that the European Union is the best instrument to achieve our objectives. We pledge to listen and respond to the concerns expressed by our citizens and will engage with our national parliaments. We will work together at the level that makes a real difference, be it the European Union, national, regional, or local, and in a spirit of trust and loyal cooperation, both among Members States and between them and the EU institutions, in line with the principle of subsidiarity. We will allow for the necessary room for manoeuvre at the various levels to strengthen Europe’s innovation and growth potential.

We want the Union to be big on big issues and small on small ones. We will promote a democratic, effective and transparent decision-making process and better delivery.

We as Leaders, working together within the European Council and among our institutions, will ensure that today’s agenda is implemented, so as to become tomorrow’s reality. We have united for the better. Europe is our common future.

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Speech by President Donald Tusk at the ceremony of the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome

I was born exactly 60 years ago, so I am the same age as the European Community. For this reason, please allow me for a more personal reflection today. As you know, sometimes the place of birth is even more important than the date of birth. In my case, it is the city of Gdańsk, persistently built for hundreds of years by Poles and Germans, by the Dutch, by Jews, by Scots and the French. In 1945, incidentally also in the month of March, within a few days Hitler and Stalin destroyed my hometown. It was burnt to the ground.

I was 8 years old when the Community established a single council and a single commission through the Merger Treaty; the road I then took to school every day still led through the ruins of the burnt city. For me, the Second World War is not an abstraction.

In 1980, a year after the first elections to the European Parliament, in my Gdańsk, the Solidarity movement, Solidarność, was born. I was there at the time, in the Gdańsk shipyard, among the workers, together with Lech Wałęsa, who had the courage to shout out the truth about our dreams in the face of the communist regime. They were simple dreams: about human dignity, about freedom and democracy. At that time we all looked to the West, towards a free and unifying Europe, instinctively feeling that this was the very future we were dreaming about. And although tanks and troops were sent against us, those dreams lived on.

When in 1987 the Single European Act (the beginning of the Single Market) entered into force, we in Poland were preparing ourselves for the final battle. Solidarność won, and soon after, the Berlin Wall also fell: the road to Europe opened up for us. And some 20 years later, already as Polish Prime Minister, I was opening the most modern stadium in Europe, of course in my hometown of Gdańsk. The city, that was then completely rebuilt and beautiful as never before. My country had already been in the European Union for 8 years.

I am recalling this brief course in history today only to make everybody aware that for millions of people, and today those millions will be demonstrating in the streets of our capitals, in Rome, in Warsaw, even London, the European Union is not about slogans, it is not about procedures, it is not about regulations. Our Union is a guarantee that freedom, dignity, democracy and independence are no longer only our dreams, but our everyday reality.

I lived behind the Iron Curtain for more than half of my life, where it was forbidden to even dream about those values. Yes, back then, that really was a two-speed Europe. And that is why today I have the right to loudly repeat this simple truth: that nothing in our life is granted forever – that to build a free world requires time, great effort and sacrifice. This is why it was achieved in so few places on Earth. And yet we made it. To destroy such a world is very easy. It only takes a short moment. As it happened once, with my Gdańsk.

Today in Rome we are renewing the unique alliance of free nations that was initiated 60 years ago by our great predecessors. At that time they did not discuss multiple speeds, they did not devise exits, but despite all the tragic circumstances of the recent history, they placed all their faith in the unity of Europe. They had the courage of Columbus to enter unchartered waters, to discover the New World.

And so tell me: why should we lose our trust in the purpose of unity today? Is it only because it has become our reality? Or because we have become bored or tired of it?

Europe as a political entity will either be united, or will not be at all. Only a united Europe can be a sovereign Europe in relation to the rest of the world. And only a sovereign Europe guarantees independence for its nations, guarantees freedom for its citizens. The unity of Europe is not a bureaucratic model. It is a set of common values and democratic standards. Today it is not enough to call for unity and to protest against multiple speeds. It is much more important that we all respect our common rules such as human rights and civil liberties, freedom of speech and freedom of assembly, checks and balances, and the rule of law. This is the true foundation of our unity.

The Union after Rome should be, more than before, a Union of the same principles, a Union of external sovereignty, a Union of political unity. Prove today that you are the leaders of Europe, that you care for this great legacy we inherited from the heroes of European integration 60 years ago.

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Speech by President Juncker at the 60th Anniversary of the Treaties of Rome celebration – A new chapter for our Union: shaping the future of EU 27

It is now exactly 60 years ago that the Treaties of Rome – signed in this very room – sealed our Union forevermore.

It is a Union that rose from the ashes of two world wars, shaped by the hands and by the iron will of those who had returned from battlefields and concentration camps only a few years earlier.

It is they – this war generation of our fathers and grandfathers – who turned the cry of ‘never again war’ into an ambitious political project that has changed our lives for the better from that day onwards.

We – the humble heirs to these greats – are gathered once again in this very same room.

We do so to solemnly renew our vows and reaffirm our commitment to our undivided and indivisible Union.

But we do so not out of nostalgia.

We do so because only by staying united can we rise to the challenges we can face together.

Only by staying united can we pass on to future generations a more prosperous, a more social and a safer Europe. A Union of solidarity, that is strong, that is generous both at home and in the wider world. A Europe that takes up the major challenges of the day and that does not lose itself in the detail.

But let us not lose perspective either. However daunting our challenges may feel today, they are in no way comparable to those faced by our founding fathers.

Today, we stand here on the shoulders of those giants.

Meine sehr verehrten Damen und Herren, liebe Freunde,

Wir sind, wie ich finde, ungenügend stolz auf das in Europa Erreichte. Wir schauen uns selbst nicht über die Schultern, aber andere schauen uns über die Schultern. Und je mehr ich in der Welt reise – nach Afrika, nach Asien, sonst wohin – umso mehr fällt mir auf, dass je weiter man sich von Europa wegbewegt, die Zustimmung zum europäischen Gelingen zunimmt. Ich bin nie irgendwo lieber Europäer als in Afrika oder als in Asien. Wenn ich dann wieder in Brüssel lande, in diesem Tal der Tränen, dann überkommt mich so etwas wie Wehmut nach Ferne, weil man Europa besser aus der Ferne sieht als man Europa aus der Nähe sieht.

Wir haben vieles hingekriegt in den letzten sechzig Jahren. Wir haben dem Frieden eine endgültige Heimstatt auf dem europäischen Kontinent gegeben. Wer hätte dies eigentlich gedacht nach schrecklicher Erfahrung, jahrhundertelanger Erfahrung in Europa – dieser gefolterte, martyrisierte, blutige Kontinent hat die Kraft zum fast ewigen Frieden gefunden. Es gibt heute 40 bewaffnete Konflikte weltweit – keiner davon auf dem Territorium der Europäischen Union. Nach so vielen Kriegen, nach so vielen Schlachten – wieso sind wir eigentlich nicht stolz darauf? Weil es nicht unsere Generation war, sondern die Vorgängergeneration?

Sollten wir uns nicht auf den Willen der Vorgängergeneration berufen, uns als sie begreifen und dafür sorgen, dass dies so bleibt? Weil normal ist das nicht.

Ich weiß, sehr viele junge Europäer können mit diesem Hinweis auf dieses ewige europäische Dilemma zwischen Krieg und Frieden nicht sehr viel anfangen. Ich schon. Mein Vater und drei seiner Brüder wurden von den Nazis in die deutsche Wehrmacht gezwungen, gegen ihren Willen, sie mussten eine verhasste Uniform tragen. Was denken wir eigentlich, wer wir sind, dass wir uns nicht mehr an das erinnern, was diese Generation nach dem Krieg an Verständigungswillen, an Friedenswillen, an vernünftiger Stabilisierungspolitik in die Wege geleitet hat? Wir sollten stolz sein auf das, was wir in Europa geschafft haben.

Oui, mes chers amis, nous devons être plus fiers de l’Europe. Nous avons réussi à doter ce continent d’une paix qui dure. Nous avons réussi à donner à ce continent une monnaie unique, ce dont personne, ni même nous-mêmes, nous pensait capables. Nous avons établi le plus grand marché intérieur au monde. Nous avons, par un énorme effort de volonté des peuples de l’Europe centrale et de l’Europe de l’Est, réussi à unir par des moyens pacifiques l’histoire et la géographie européennes, grande performance des dernières décennies. Et nous l’avons fait, oui, avec cette patience, cette volonté, cette persévérance, cette détermination dont ont besoin les longs parcours et les grandes ambitions.

Je vais signer, mes chers amis, la Déclaration de Rome avec le stylo – la plume, devrais-je dire – qu’ont employé ceux qui en 1957, pour le Luxembourg, ont signé les Traités de Rome. Il y a des signatures qui durent.

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Speech by the President of the European Parliament, Antonio Tajani – Celebrations to mark the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaties of Rome

Today we are celebrating a great story of freedom.

The desire for freedom was what gave us the strength to rise up from the ashes of war.

Freedom was won at a great cost, a freedom we also owe to allies who crossed oceans to sacrifice their lives for us.

Through hard work, and with the help of the Marshall Plan, this new-found freedom to work allowed us to rebuild our homes and our future.

Freedom is the foundation of the great economic area for which the Treaties we are celebrating today provided the blueprint.

In this room, on 25 March 1957, our great adventure began. Together, seated at this very table, we worked hard to escape the pitfalls of nationalism.

All those who were in this room that day had witnessed the horror and the destruction caused – for the second time in almost as many decades – when nations use violence to settle their differences. The dream of a united Europe offered a way of putting the nightmare of war behind us forever.

When the Schuman Declaration was signed on 9 May 1950, Monnet, De Gasperi, Adenauer, Spinelli, Spaak, Martino and the others knew that the road ahead would not be easy.

In 1954, the hope of creating a political union on the basis of common European defence came to nothing.

There were many other setbacks. Every time, however, disappointment and discouragement gave way to the determination to try again.

On the basis of trust and solidarity, by putting ourselves in each other’s shoes, we overcame difficulties, misgivings, misunderstandings. We did away with obstacles, barriers, borders, red tape.

Together, we worked to create a more open and prosperous world, in which people enjoy more rights. We helped many countries on our continent escape from the darkness of dictatorship.

Anyone who experienced the restrictions on freedoms suffered by many people on our continent knows that our Union is a precious achievement which we should never take for granted.

We should be proud of the legacy passed onto to our children: the freedom to travel, to study, to work, to set up a business, to innovate.

Our commitment to openness, to exchanges of all kinds, has deep roots.

Our history began on islands, by the sea, on the banks of rivers. What followed were centuries of exchanges, the blending of philosophies, ideas, art forms and scientific endeavours feeding off one another. Merchants from Crete, craftsmen from Etruria, philosophers and playwrights from Athens, lawyers and engineers from Rome, all met and shared their ways of thinking.

The abbeys and monasteries passed on our knowledge. The great European universities, the city-states, gave birth to a new European humanism.

The dynamism unleashed by the Renaissance made us receptive to new forms of trade and to new discoveries, to finance, to manufacturing, and paved the way for the emergence of great patrons of the arts.

Our artists, writers, philosophers and scientists inspired one another: there is an lengthy thread linking Caravaggio to Rembrandt, Vivaldi to Bach, Shakespeare to Molière.

Through our Union, we have ushered in a new European renaissance. We have created a vast area in which people can meet and exchange ideas, in which the dignity and freedom of the individual are at the heart of everything we do.

There are opportunities for everyone. Since 1960, per capita GDP in Europe has increased 33% more than it has in the USA.

Guaranteeing freedom in the largest economic area in the world has helped us to create millions of jobs. Through our cohesion policy we have worked to ensure that no-one is left behind.

We need to complete this massive undertaking and exploit the potential which has not yet been tapped, through the digital market, the capital market, the energy market. And we must never forget what the cost would be, not only economically, without Europe.

We still believe in Europe. But we want it to work better. So many mistakes have been made.

Our Union is still unfinished and it often seems remote from people’s problems, divided, inefficient, overly bureaucratic.

As the President of the European Parliament, the only institution directly elected by ordinary Europeans, I am concerned at the growing disillusionment with Europe which many of them now profess.

A new start must mean bringing Europe closer to its citizens once again. This is the priority I have set for my term in office.

Window-dressing is not enough. We need far-reaching change. We need effective policies which enable us to overcome the fears of those who cannot find work, of young people who cannot see a future for themselves. Of those who feel threatened by terrorism, by illegal immigration. Of those who are calling for us to reaffirm, loud and clear, within and beyond our borders, the values on which our Union is founded.

A more practical Europe, a Europe which produces results.

For that reason, today is not a day for self-adulation or an occasion for fine speeches. The declaration we are about to sign sets out a clear political commitment to our citizens, given by all 27 Member States and the leaders of the EU institutions.

The European Parliament’s duty will be to ensure that the pledges made in the declaration are honoured.

We need to boost growth, attract investment, create jobs, make Europe fairer and more business-friendly.

Our common currency must be matched by real convergence, backed by common reforms; by genuine economic governance.

In addition to the Stability and Growth Pact, we need a Generational Pact. We cannot pass on unmanageable debts to young people and an inefficient economy which hampers job creation. We must ensure that they too can enjoy the benefits of a social market economy.

We need simpler rules and procedures. We must not get bogged down in the details of policy.

Instead, we must concentrate on the major challenges facing us: foreign policy, defence, trade, climate change.

In a world in which innovation and digital technologys are tearing down borders and barriers, individual States have no choice but to pool their resources. It is only by drawing on the combined power of 500 million European consumers that we can defend our interests in the world. That we can enforce rights of ownership, and assert our safety, social, environmental and technological standards.

No European State acting alone is strong enough to negotiate with the USA, China, Russia or India. Only by acting together can we exercise our sovereignty properly.

We must continue to promote more open markets and put an end to unfair competition. Like our own internal market, the world market must guarantee freedom from the yoke of unnecessary regulation.

Today, in this room, we must also get another major project, common European defence, back on track. That is the best way to pay tribute to the work of our founding fathers.

On Wednesday, in London, a terrorist attack was perpetrated just outside the British Parliament. The same day, we remembered the victims of the attacks carried out in the heart of Europe. In Brussels, Paris, Berlin and Nice.

If we are to protect our fellow citizens, we need greater mutual trust. Our intelligence services, our courts and our police forces must work together and exchange information.

In the same way, if we are to monitor our borders effectively, we need a strong European Border and Coast Guard Agency.

Together, standing shoulder to shoulder, we must make the right of asylum more effective by overhauling the Dublin Regulation. We must be just as rigorous in taking in people who qualify for asylum as we are in countering illegal immigration.

If we are to deal with this epochal phenomenon, we need a joint strategy which focuses on development in Africa. We need robust economic diplomacy.

If we are to address these challenges properly, today more than ever we need European unity. We cannot afford to leave Europe half-finished. We need to change Europe, not destroy it.

Today is a day of celebration, of European pride. We are a beacon of commitment to human rights; the only continent on which the death penalty has been abolished.

We are much more than just a market or a currency. These ideals of freedom, prosperity and peace have shaped our Union and our identity.

But we must also reflect on our mistakes, and change the image of a remote, ineffectual Europe. Only in this way can we give our young people the feeling that they are part of a great project once again. Let us allow them to dream once again about a better Europe and a better world.

§ Related: [60 Candles for Europe…]

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